This site best viewed with Firefox
Click on images for larger view

IMEHA Color Guide | IMEHA Guidebook | USEF Rulebook | AQHA Rulebook | IMEHA Rulebook

BREED AND TYPE





Willoughby #527-R
Dark Chestnut Sabino/Rabicano
Warmblood or Carriage Type
Sculpted by Brigitte Eberl
Brigitte Eberl Gallery

Painted by Carol Williams
Rio Rondo Enterprises


Type:
Type describes a set of characteristics for a breed or athletic purpose for horses.   It refers to a standard for the size, substance, ability, balance and conformation of a given breed.   There are six types of horses: pony, draft, carriage (light draft) racehorses, miniature horse and riding.   The latter can be broken into other factors such as stock horse, gaited, spanish breed, light breed, Arabian decent, etc.   Some characteristics of several breeds or athletic uses are listed below:

Arabian:
Arabians are known for their beautiful heads; large round eyes; broad forehead; sished face; and fine muzzles.   The head sits neatly on a well-arched neck (swan shaped).   The Arabian has a flat croup, refined leg joints and cannon bones.   It displays much quality, appearing flat with tendon definition; Pastern slightly more sloped, providing a springy stride, The Arabian moves with animation, presence and the tail is carried in the air straight.

Carriage or Light Draft or Warmblood:
The term warmblood generally refers to breeds developed in Europe to provide horses capable of competing in international jumping, dressage, eventing, and competitive driving.   Most warm blood breeds were developed by crossing native lightweight draft horses with Thoroughbreds and Arabians.   Warmblood breeds are named according to their area of origin; for example, Hanovians were developed in the Hanover region of Germany and Dutch Warmbloods were developed in the Netherlands.   Typically, warmbloods will be bigger and sturdier than Thoroughbreds and will have more tractable temperaments.   Height: 15.2 to 17 hands, Weight: 1225-1500 lbs., Girth: 82-86", These breeds typically have great substance, excellent feet and flat cannon bones.   They have immensely powerful quarters that contribute to jumping ability, driving and dressage.   They have strong powerful shoulders allow movement with ground covering power, which is ideal for carriage work and dressage.   They are known for long lives and are prepotent, transmitting uniformity in type and substance.   Some of the breeds in this type are Friesian, Cleveland Bay, Hanoverian, Holstein, Oldenburg and Trakehner.   Carriages breeds typically are known for having a great amount of action in the lifting of front legs and forequarters.

Hunter:
The hunter usually has a deep chest and spring of rib indicating capacity.   The conformation consists of long, smooth, powerful muscles throughout body, The head relatively short and straight; Clean in the throatlatch with a long slender neck.   Quality and soundness of underpinning is a must for the hunter.   The hunter is known as an exceptional mover with long, ground-covering strides.

Pony:
A pony may be a horse that is under an approximate or exact height at the withers, or a small horse with a specific conformation and temperament.   There are many different breeds.   Compared to horses, ponies often exhibit thicker manes, tails and overall coat, as well as proportionally shorter legs, wider barrels, heavier bone, thicker necks, and shorter heads with broader foreheads.   The ancestors of most modern ponies developed small stature due to living on the margins of livable horse habitat.   These smaller animals were domesticated and bred for various purposes all over the Northern hemisphere.   Ponies were historically used for driving and freight transport, as children's mounts, for recreational riding, and later as competitors and performers in their own right.   During the Industrial Revolution, particularly in Great Britain, a significant number were used as pit ponies, hauling loads of coal in the mines. A pony will measure less than 14.2 hands at the withers, but there are a few of exceptions.

Miniature Horse:
The height of a miniature horse, depending on the particular breed registry involved, is usually less than 34 to 38 inches at the withers.   Miniature horses are the size of a very small pony, but retain horse characteristics and are considered "horses" by their respective registries.   They should not display any dwarf tendencies. Their conformation should be in the same proportions as full sized light breed horses but scaled to they diminutive size.   They have various colors and coat patterns.

Draft:
Draft horses are recognizable by their tall stature and extremely muscular build.   In general, they tend to have a more upright shoulder, producing more upright movement and conformation that is well-suited for pulling.   They tend to have short backs with very powerful hindquarters, again best suited for the purpose of pulling.   Additionally, the draft breeds usually have heavy bone, and a good deal of feathering on their lower legs.   Many have a straight profile or "Roman nose" (a convex profile). Draft breeds range from approximately 16 hands high to 19hh and from 1,400 to 2,000 lb.   The draft horse bred for hard, heavy tasks such as ploughing and farm labor.   There are a number of different breeds, with varying characteristics but all share common traits of strength, patience and a docile temperament which made them indispensable to generations of pre-industrial farmers.   Draft horses and draft crossbreds are versatile breeds used today for a multitude of purposes, including farming, show, logging, recreation, and other uses.   They are also commonly used for crossbreeding, especially to light riding breeds such as the Thoroughbred for the purpose of creating sport horses.   While most draft horses are used for driving, they can be ridden and some of the lighter draft breeds are capable performers under saddle.

Gaited Horse
Gaited horses are horse breeds that have natural gaited tendencies.   They have the ability to perform one of the smooth to ride, intermediate speed four-beat horse gaits, collectively referred to as ambling gaits.   Such breeds include the following: American Saddlebred, Icelandic Horse, Mangalarga Marchador, Missouri Foxtrotter, Paso Fino, Peruvian Paso, Rocky Mountain Horse, Spotted Saddle Horse, Tennessee Walker and Walkaloosa. In most "gaited" breeds, an ambling gait is a hereditary trait.   However, some representatives of these breeds may not always gait.   Many horses can both trot and amble, and some naturally trotting horses of other breeds not listed above may have ambling or "gaited" ability, particularly with specialized training.   A few horses do not naturally trot or pace easily, they prefer their ambling gait.

Racehorse
The racehorse is between 15 and 16.3 hands high and weigh 1,000 to 1,400 pounds.   They are noted for their speed, athletic ability, and desire to win.   The most noted is the Thoroughbred breed and was developed in England as a race horse for intermediate distances.   It was developed by crossing native English horses with Arabians.   Most Thoroughbreds can trace their ancestry to three or four Arabian stallions imported to England in the late 1600s and early 1700s.   Other race horse breeds are Quarter Horses, Appaloosas, and even Arabians have mutual races open to them.   For any runner the body should be wedged shape with a light front end.   Front legs should be correct and feet should be strong.

Riding Horse
Riding horses are selected from many different breeds.   Horses within a breed usually have a common origin and have traits that set them apart from other breeds of horses.   Different riding horse breeds have been developed to perform different jobs under saddle.   For example, some breeds usually are used as race horses, and other breeds are used as high-stepping show horses.   Some breeds are noted for a particular coat color. Certain breeds are known for their superiority in a particular activity.   However, this does not prevent individuals from a breed noted for one activity from excelling in an unrelated activity.   Most of the horses in a certain breed usually will have the build and temperament to do a particular job.   This means that most animals in a breed will follow a certain type. A horse's type is determined by its build, or conformation, which in turn helps determine what kind of job the horse might perform well.   The best propsects for riding horses are those that have good angles and relatively level body balance from the lumbosacral joint to the widest part of the base of the neck.   A short back, good withers, flexion of the body and well sprung ribs are aboluately necessary.

Stock Horse:
The stock horse head reflects alert intelligence.   It is a short head, broad between the eyes and small alert ears with massive jaws spread wide apart giving the impression of great strength.   The back is short and close coupled.   The stock breed typically as smooth, prominent muscling in chest, forearms, back, loin and hindquarters. The muscling is distinctive and easily recognized.   The stock horse moves out freely with ground-covering strides.




Pony Type
Timothy #532-R
Red Silver Dapple With Mohair Mane & Tail
Sculpted by Summer Prosser
Summer Prosser Gallery

Painted by Carol Williams 2010
Rio Rondo Enterprises



Draft Type
Scarlett #554-R
Red Silver Dapple
Sculpted by Stacy Tumlinson
Tabaskeau Studio

Painted by Carol Williams
Rio Rondo Enterprises



Riding Horse Type
Knightly Cadence #26 P2
Red Chestnut Sabino
Sculpted by Sarah Rose
and Painted by Carol Williams
Rio Rondo Enterprises



Miniature Horse Type
Fancy Enuf
Bay
Sculpted and Painted by Chris Nandell
Beau Cheveaux Creations



Click on the thumbprint to see a larger version of the photo.
Click on the artist's studio to go their web site where you can
artist resins sculpted and or painted by them for sale.